Have you ever experienced gum sensitivity or noticed bleeding when brushing your teeth? It might be more than just a passing issue. Taking timely actions is necessary for healthy gums.

In this blog, we’ll dive into what periodontitis is, learn its causes, symptoms, and discuss the various treatments available. 

What is Periodontitis? 

Periodontitis, also known as gum disease or periodontal disease, is a progressive inflammatory condition that affects the tissues supporting the teeth. It involves the gums, bones, and ligaments that hold your pearly whites in place. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss and impact on oral health if left untreated. 

Causes of Periodontitis 

Periodontitis is primarily caused by plaque accumulation on the teeth and along the gum line. Plaque is a sticky, colorless film of bacteria that forms when sugars and starches in food interact with the natural bacteria present in our mouths. Over time, if plaque is not adequately removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar or calculus, which cannot be easily removed at home. 

The bacteria in plaque and tartar release toxins that irritate and inflame the gums, leading to gingivitis, the initial stage of gum disease. If not addressed promptly, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, where the infection moves deeper into the gum tissues and bone, causing further damage. 

Symptoms of Periodontitis 

Gums in good health feel firm to the touch and encircle your teeth tightly. In contrast, signs of periodontitis include: 

  • Reddish or purplish gums. 
  • Inflated gums. 
  • Bleeding gums. 
  • Poor breath. 
  • Infection or pus along your gum line. 
  • Tooth decay. 
  • Loose teeth.  
  • Difficulty chewing. 
  • Spaces or gaps between your teeth. 

Treatments for Periodontitis 

Thankfully, periodontitis is treatable, especially when detected early. The goal of treatment is to control the infection, halt its progression, and restore the health of the gums and supporting tissues. Here are some common approaches to treating periodontitis: 

Professional dental cleaning (Scaling and root planing): This non-surgical procedure involves removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and smoothing the tooth roots to prevent bacteria from adhering. 

Antibiotics: In some cases, the dentist may prescribe antibiotics, such as oral tablets or topical gels, to help combat the infection. 

Pocket reduction surgery: If periodontitis has advanced, a surgical procedure might be necessary to reduce the depth of the gum pockets, making it easier to clean and maintain. 

Bone grafts and tissue regeneration: To repair damage to the bone and gum tissues, your dentist may recommend procedures that encourage new tissue growth. 

Lifestyle changes and oral hygiene: Adopting a consistent oral care routine, including regular brushing, flossing, and mouthwash, is crucial in preventing and managing periodontitis. 

End Note 

In conclusion, periodontitis may seem like a daunting challenge, but with timely detection and appropriate treatment, it can be effectively managed. Stay proactive with your oral care, listen to your gums, and remember that the dentist is your ally in the fight against gum disease. If you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms, our dental experts at Bravo! Dental are here to help you. Together, we can keep those smiles bright and healthy!

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