Cavities are one of the foremost dental issues. Cavities (or rotting teeth) are incidentally also one of the most prevalent health issues that people confront worldwide. Cavities can affect both children and adults, and surprisingly even in infants.  

What exactly is a Cavity?  

A cavity can be defined as the decayed part of a tooth. Cavities arise when the hard outer coating of a tooth is worn down or eroded by acids in the mouth (enamel).  

Bacteria can be found in everyone’s mouth. Bacteria present in our mouth convert sugar, from sugary foods we consume, into acid. Plaque forms on your teeth as soon as you drink or eat something sweet. As a direct result, tooth enamel can be damaged. And this hightens the risk of cavities as decay increases.  

What are the different kinds of cavities?  

All layers of a tooth can be affected by dental decay. The part of the tooth that the affectation starts defines the type of decay:  

Smooth surface: This cavity removes tooth enamel over time. Brushing, flossing, and dental cleanings can help prevent — and even reverse — this kind of decay. Unfortunately, this type is very common amongst people in their twenties.  

Pit and fissure decay: Cavities that grow on the chewing surface of the tooth is called a pit fissure decay. Although pit and fissure deterioration usually begins in adolescence and advances swiftly, it is very common in children, as they tend to eat a lot of sweet and candied food articles.  

Root decay: This type of decay is more common in older individuals whose gums have receded. As the tooth’s root is exposed to plaque and acid due to gum recession, this decay affects the root of the teeth first, and then progresses to the rest of the teeth.    

4 methods of tooth decay treatment:  

Fluoride Treatment: It is a method of removing fluoride from the body. This therapy option may be used if your cavity is still in its early stages. It aids in the restoration of the tooth’s afflicted enamel and the reversal of the cavity. In comparison to toothpaste and mouth rinses, these treatments involve a larger dose of fluoride. To reverse cavities, you can use a gel, liquid, foam, or varnish that you brush on your teeth.  

Fillings: When cavities advance beyond the mild stages, fillings or restorations are commonly used as treatment. Different materials, such as dental amalgam or porcelain, are used to create these fillings.  

Root canals: You may need a root canal treatment if the cavity advances to the tooth’s inner layers, the pulp. Rather than extracting the damaged teeth, this therapy restores them. Again, medications are used to reduce the risk of infection. A filler is then used to replace the degraded pulp.  

Extraction of teeth: Dentists tend to extract teeth in severe cases, where the rot has entirely damaged the tooth and there is no chance of reversing the damage.  

Early detection and care can save a tooth – you can opt for a filling or other less invasive procedures. But you need a thorough analysis of the damage first! Visit us at Bravo dental and get rid of those painful cavities, now! 

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